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Title: Sustainable energy development for Thailand
Authors: Wibulswas, Prida
Keywords: Sustainable development
Energy development
Issue Date: 1998
Type: Preprint
Series/Report no.: REP206 1998;c.1
REP206 1998;c.2
Abstract: Most of the energy consumption in Thailand occurs in the transportation, manufacturing, residential and commercial sectors. As the annual growth of energy consumption at about 4% is higher than the annual economic growth of the country, energy conservation measures are therefore much needed. Energy conservation also seems to be the most effective method to mitigate gaseous pollutants from fuel utilization. Energy conservation measures such as demand side management have been attempted by public and private sectors at national and regional levels. Better technologies and technical manpower are required for more efficient energy conservation. Imported petroleum and products account for about a half of the total energy supply to the country. Indigenous biomass represents the largest share at about 30 % of the total energy supply. Imported fuels including oil, natural gas and coal will increase as the reserves of indigenous natural gas and coal are rather limited. Utilization of natural gas for power generation generates least pollutants including carbon dioxide in comparison to other fossil fuels. Lignite which generally contains a high sulphur content has already caused detrimental health and environmental impacts. As natural gas reserves in the region are quite large, lignite for power generation should therefore be substituted by natural gas, until clean coal technologies become economical. Biomass energy sources whose utilization generates a very small amount of net greenhouse gas emission will still account for a large proportion of the total energy supply in the future. In the country, large amounts of agricultural wastes remain to be utilized. Hydro-energy resources in Thailand are much under-utilized. Owing to environmental and political problems, small hydropower plants should be considered instead of large hydro-power systems. Large hydro-potentials remain to be harnessed on the international rivers along the borders of the country.
Description: Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology. dedicated to Professor Stang Mongkolsuk on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of Prince of Songkla University (1998) : p.87-96.
Appears in Collections:School of Technology Publications (SoT)

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